Eye Stye – What Is It And What Causes It?


An eye stye or a hordeolum is the name given to the small bump that could possibly appear on the inside or the outside of your eyelid. In most cases, it is a bacterial infection that will be caused owing to some obstructions in the glands that produce oil and are present close to the eyelids.

The occurrence of an eye stye will generally depend on the infection of the bacteria called staphylococcal. These bacteria will end up infecting the tiny glands that rest at the eyelids’ hair base, and this region would become inflamed. When this occurs, the region becomes highly contagious; and the resultant itching to relive the discomfort will actually promote the transfer of the bacteria from one hair root to another.

A stye is generally not harmful to the person’s vision; and it could commonly affect people regardless of age and gender.

The Symptoms:

Patients who have an eye stye might generally complain of –

  • Watery eyes
  • Tenderness
  • Pain
  • Redness around the affected region
  • Itching

Typically speaking, the start of a stye will be with increased sensitivity to light. This might lead to excessive production of tears, and there will be the nagging sensation of an alien body in the eye. Very soon, the eyelid that is affected will begin sensing the inflammation and it will turn red and will undergo local pain. This sort of pain and tenderness will continue developing until the stye is developing.

In most cases, the stye head will generally point outwards. However, in the more uncommon cases, the infection of the eyelids will point inwards, given the involvement of oily glands that are inside the eyelids. These types of internal styes might be even more painful in compared to the ones that inflict the external eyelid.

The Causes:

People who suffer from a condition called chronic blepharitis are generally prone to the development and growth of eye styes. This happens due to the bacterial growth and buildup within the glands that will end up infecting it.

Sharing eye makeup or even wearing too much of eye makeup could end up promoting the development of a stye.

Although there is no viable proof to claim that stress is known to cause for the buildup of a stye, there have been links that have been seen. The growth of a stye seems possible when a person is undergoing high levels of stress.

The Treatment:

For more details on the treatment options, here is an article about how to get rid of a stye in eye on Health-Guidances.com.